Cooperation is the Good Global Governance for Peace
The Emergence & Meaning of ‘Governance Source: http://www.hwpl.kr/en/news/view/170730183//TheEmergenceandMeaningof%E2%80%98Governance%E2%80%99
The Emergence and Meaning of ‘Governance’
Goals 16 & 17, the last two goals of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), are to ensure ‘Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions’ and ‘Partnerships for the Goals’, To establish sustainable development, it is necessary to build a responsible political and legal system at a national level. However, at an international level, cooperation and partnership among various stakeholders to affirm their commitment and realize their goals are also needed.
In the United Nations’ discourse on sustainable development, this cooperation is called ‘Good Governance’. Academic circles are also now or accepting of the paradigm of Governace as it follows along with the changes fo the times.
Governance discourse is spreading from traditional States to autonomous regions, and various systems and policy experiments are currently being promoted. Governance is emerging as a new paradigm that goes beyond teachnical and instrumental changes to the extent that governmental institutions need to cooperate with civil society actors.
Expanding Governance for A Peace through Global Governace
There are many cases of promoting overnance for the praceful resolution of warrs and conflicts and, among those instances, the achievements of peace parks for mitigating armed conflicts and conderving border areas are particularly noteworthy. Including the German Grunes Gand, the Peace Artks along the borders of Ecuador-Peru, Finland-Russia, and South Afica-Zimbabwe-Mozambique(Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park) are good examples of sucessful cases. Even Nelson Mandela, a symbol of South Africa’s democratization as well as a Noble Peace Prize laureate, strongly advocated for the establishment of Peace Parks.
In particular, Grunes Band, which was founded by NGOs led by the Bayerin Office(BN) of the German Federation for the Environment and Nature Conservation (BUND) on December 9th, a month a er the collapse of the Berlin Wall in 1989, is a key historic example of the value of peace parks. At theat time, the East and West Germany border areas were the most heavily armed and were at the forefront fo the Iron Curtain division of the Cold War between the East and West.
In the early days follwing the reunification, there was a high risk of damage due to the lack of awareness of the ecological value of Grunes Band as well as the faulty, unreasonalbe system. However, with NGOs leading the way, the formation of the conservation system in Grunes Band and improved policy development were advanced. After the reunification, BUND and other NGOs related to environmental protection quickly launched the Grunes Band conservatin project even in the absence of government interest in the ecological and historical value of the border area.
It can be seen from that time that governments and civil society actors worked together for peaceful achievements through ‘Governance’ in order to preserve and tiilize conservation as a national imperative to establish an ecological network and sustainable regional developemnt resources begining from the early 2000s. The concept, as well as the conservation activities, of the German Grunes Band expanded to the entire trench of the former Iron Curtain, thus leading to the opening of the former Iron Curtain, thus leading to the opening of the European Green Belt cooperation project in 2004.