HWPL, Gate of World Peace

HWPL is the Gate of World Peace

525 peacewalk

HWPL is the Gate of World Peace~!

Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization in association with the United Nations Department of Public Information (UN DPI). It transcends differences in culture, belief and region to engage leaders and youth in sustainable and comprehensive solutions for peace.

HWPL is the Gate to World Peace~!!

HWPL, the Gate of World Peace

<Havenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light>

(♦.♦) History of Peace walk (♦.♦)

25 May. 2013 :

Proclamation of the Declaration of World Peace
Proclamation of the Declaration of World Peace at the World Peace Gate in Seoul Olympic Park

Peace walk
Man Hee Lee: Let the Walk for World Peace and Restoration begin~!!

manheelee

25 May. 2014 :

1st Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace
1st Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace, UN Memorial Cemetery, Busan, South Korea

hwpl, peace

25 May. 2015 :

2nd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace
The 2nd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace in Mindanao, Philippines
18th World Peace Tour – the establishment of HWPL Day and the Mindanao Peace Monument in Mindanao

Peace

25 May. 2016 :

3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace and the Peace Walk
Hosted the 3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace and the Peace Walk at the World Peace Gate in Seoul Olympic Park

hwpl, 525peacewalk

25 May. 2017:

4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace and the Peace Walk
will Host the 4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace and the Peace Walk at the ……

peacewalk, peace
To World Peace~!!!  We have to stop playing in the water and go to the event of 4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace. Go~ Go~ Go~!!!
peace
To world Peace~!! HWPL 525 Peacewalk, 4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace. Will you join us? Okay, let’s go to world peace~!!! 
peace, hwpl
HWPL, 5.25 Peaacewalk, 4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace. Come with me to the …  Take me there, too.
hwpl, Peacewalk
5.25 Peacewalk Turns Wars into Peace~!!!   We are One, in the Peace World~!  Please, Join Us ^.^*  Peace Walk 5.25

 

Where is 4th Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace being held?

peacewalk

Where is the Gate of World Peace, HWPL(Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light)?

I do not know, not yet (~.~:;), next time ^o^

HWPL Introduction video

(I recommend this)

The Declaration of World Peace addresser

Inspirational Video for Peace-building

 

HWPL ManHee Lee2013 Peace walk :
Proclamation of the Declaration of World Peace

The Heavens and the Earth formed by the hands of the Creator have been given to humanity as an inheritance. In all the universe, life in its vast splendour exists only on our world. The life that grows on the earth is sustained from above – by light, by the rain, and by the air they provide unconditionally to all living beings. We have received the precious gift of life from above, let us give glory to heaven, and live in peace on earth. This is the truest teaching of heaven.

With this eternal gift – the grace and life we have received – are we entitled to fight, kill and destroy one another? We cannot claim to desire peace and continue to provoke one another, causing conflict for the sake of valuing our own national interests above those of others. This will only take the lives of the youth, wasting them in the futility of war. This is not a legacy we can leave to future generations.

Of what use is a young life, born in our day and age, if it is thrown away in this manner – thrown away without having had a chance to bloom? What price can compensate for the loss of a life? Do these young souls have another chance at life? As emissaries of World Peace; as people who are working towards the restoration of humanity through a new and heavenly culture, we declare the following:
We call on all youth to unite in an effort to stop wars and pursue the restoration of peace by agreeing not to fight one another. For World Peace to become a reality, this is the duty of all youth, everywhere.

The only way to stop the fighting and pointless, tragic deaths, is to stop fighting. Nobody can ask for anything greater than this, and know that your efforts – the efforts of the young people of the world today in pursuit of peace – will remain as a never fading light of life for all future generations.

Furthermore, we call on every person, every man, woman, and child in the world, to pick up the mantle of peace. In whatever way you can, we ask that you work to further the cause of world peace and restoration, making it a reality in your direct environments.

Lastly, we call on the media to report responsibly and promote a message of peace to the world.

World peace and restoration has begun at the same time this declaration is proclaimed.
Thank you.

– Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Lightpeacemaker

HWPL Chairman, Man Hee Lee –

DPCW & Peace Education in India

hwpl-india-peaceFlaring of Peace Education in India

DPCW will be presented to the UN to be transformed into legally binding document~♦

 

newdelhitimes-hwpl-peace-news
https://www.newdelhitimes.com/flaring-of-peace-education-in-india123/
Peace
Planning for conducting peace education in India and wishing for peace with 50 educators and students

 

On January 12th, 2017, a peace seminar ‘Promptly Meeting the Needs of the Times: The Necessity for Peace Education and the Comparative study for a Practical Plan’ was co-hosted by Heavenly Culture World Peace Restoration of Light (HWPL) and Lakshmibai College, Delhi University. The seminar took place in Lakshmibai College, Delhi University for about 50 officers from education field and university students.

Participants understood the reality that wars are taking place over the world and how significant peace education is as the MC delivered the message of Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL during the seminar stating ‘All living beings on the earth could constantly prosper with light, rain and air unconditionally given to. People have received life, which is a precious gift, from them. Let us give glory to heaven and live on the world of peace.’

About 49 HWPL Peace Academies have been appointed in India. In order to cease war and achieve peace through the peace education of HWPL aiming to develop various lesson materials and foster instructors, more than 1,000 HWPL Peace Academies to be designated in the world. Since the peace education began for the first time, in Israel on December, 2015, currently, 126 leading educational institutions have been appointed as HWPL Peace Academies and have implemented peace education from 8 countries including India, Myanmar, Philippines, Georgia, Kosovo, and Israel.

Pratyush Vatsala, Principal from Lakshmibai College explained the necessity of peace education and how she began to participate in peace education as stating, ‘Peace is something close to my heart. As an educator, when I see that HWPL has been working for peace with sincerity, I decided to be part of HWPL’s peace education. Peace is essential value for existence of humanity. Through education, peace must be emphasized in India now, the era, which values of morality are undermined.’ Furthermore, she added the plan and expected effectiveness of peace education as saying ‘As faculties in university, we need to devote ourselves to achieving peace and gathering more number of students to join the peace work for their own future. Education transforms the thoughts and mindset. We can create a better world through peace education.

The object of peace education is to accomplish the Article 10 ‘Spread a culture of peace’ of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) proclaimed on March, 2016. Recognizing the imminent threats posed by conflicts and wars, prominent legal experts from various countries joined HWPL’s peace movement with a determination to produce a new legal document and drafted DPCW. HWPL has designated HWPL Peace Academies and conducted peace education with an understanding that even though a condition is formed where peace can settle as the international law is implemented, however, true peace will not be achieved until the true seed of peace is sown into each one’s hearts.

HWPL will conduct pilot peace education in March based on today’s seminar and continue to operate diverse peace events such as implementing Peace Education, signing for supporting DPCW, Peace Walks, peace conference for youth and women. The pilot classes for peace education will be implemented on March in India. Recruiting people who are working for peace in Kashmir will be followed to conduct peace initiatives of HWPL to promote DPCW and form peace education committee of India with officers from education field.

Meanwhile, on the same day, on 12th, a signing ceremony for supporting Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) was held in National Youth Day: Drawing Competition of Vishwa Yuvak Kendra where 200 people participated in and signed for DPCW. DPCW will be presented to the UN to be transformed into legally binding document.

 

New International Peace Law for World Peace

New International Peace Law
for World Peace

<President of JEF United/ Norbert Kucharik/ Slovakia>

Slovakia, Peace        Peace, Slovakia
I’m getting the feeling that we really can change these things better in Korea.
This simply is a wonderful success that must be heard also outside of Seoul.
This day, world peace and restoration has begun.
A little light in the dark tunnel which will become stronger and stronger by each following day.

Mr. Norbert Kucharik, Just as you said, this day, World Peace and Restoration has already begun from peace activity of HWPL and the peace activity will become stronger.
HWPL is acting out for cessation of war and world peace and Legislation of international law will be the starter. The differences between existing international law and new international law, revised law are the clauses which include definitive solution of religious conflicts.

peace lawReligions are one
in the World of Peace~
To see
the unique features
of the new
international peace law,
Click here
‘Peace Law image’ ☞☞☞

 

HWPL Participation & Strong Peace Movement

HWPL Peace Movement, a very Strong Message and HWPL Participation

First, let’s listen to what he says.

Epeli Vakatawa, peace        Peace

<Assistant Manager, Business Department of Fiji One TV/ Epeli Vakatawa/ Fiji>

 For me, the HWPL movement is something I felt in my heart, it’s not something that I only think about. The HWPL movement has a very strong message, and when you compare that to most peace movements, where you hear about people talking about it, signing agreements, but then you don’t see any evidence of practical work being done on the ground. That is why I am very glad to be involved with HWPL because they are actually on the ground.

 

Epeli Vakatawa, I’d like to extend my hearty welcome to your being involved with HWPL
Through legislation of international peace law of HWPL and the world alliance of religions, we can achieve world peace. And, this is the only answer and the key to World Peace~!!!

HWPL promotes the worldwide network to strengthen individual, organization, and government action to leave and realize the legacy of peace. Your participation and interest will be a tremendous importance in making this world a better place to live. Join us to start making a difference.

 

— ¯ Participation ¯ —

hwpl peace        peace

⇑⇑⇑ Click image and participate in HWPL ⇑⇑⇑

 

About HWPL, WARP Peace Summit -Emil Constantinescu

 About World Alliance of Religions’ Peace Summit

-Emil Constantinescu, 3rd President of Romania

 

<3rd President of Romania/ Emil Constantinescu/ Romania>

What happened here in Seoul was the first pragmatic approach.
Because as religious and political leaders, we all signed an agreement which is a pragmatic step in promotiong peace and to say categorically, ‘no!’ to wars.

 

Romania Peace     Peace

<HWPL Peace Advisory Council>

President of Academy for Cultural Diplomacy Berlin, President of Romania 1996-2000, Peace Advisory Council of HWPL
He supports and helps proactive and dynamic for world peace of HWPL.

IWPG, Sarah Gun; To Promote Peace in Malaysia and the World

IWPG Malaysia Representative
Sarah Gun to Promote Peace
in the Country and the World

Move to spread love and peace

iwpg peace news
Malaysia, IWPG Peace News ☞ http://www.thestar.com.my/metro/community/2016/06/21/move-to-spread-love-and-peace-forum-to-ensure-a-harmonious-nation-held-in-johor/

JOHOR BARU: Encouraging youths to embrace peace and spread the message of love should be emphasised to ensure a harmonious nation, said former Johor deputy police chief Datuk Aishah Mohamad.

In view of the fact that 35% of criminals in the country involved those below 25 years, she said that it was only right to engage the youths and encourage them to be advocates of peace.

“We have to begin by creating awareness on the importance of maintaining peace, especially among youths who are the future of the nation,” she said in a speech during the Peace Blossom in Johor forum here on Saturday.

Aishah said that spreading and upholding peace among the people could also contribute to securing public safety and bringing down crime rates in the country.
Recalling her 46 years of service in the force, Aishah said that she began her career under the Perak police contingent during the communist era in 1975, when Malaysians movements were restricted and curfews imposed.

“We have to keep our history in mind and remember our journey with many lives lost in a battle to achieve peace in this country and that this should not be taken for granted,” she added.

The peace forum, organised by International Women’s Peace Group, was the first of its kind in the state, which saw support from local non-governmental organisations including Johor Women’s League and the Malaysian Crime Prevention Foundation.

IWPG Malaysia representative Sarah Gun said that the forum aimed to promote peace in the country and the world.

The Korean-born said that she grew up in Singapore, in a society where race was the biggest issue growing up.

“I used to be pessimistic about world peace because the only time one would usually hear the word “world peace” was from the lips of Miss World or Miss Universe.

“Singapore is a rather peaceful country but when I went out to the bigger world, I realised that there were many other issues and it did not seem to be a peaceful world,” she said.

Gun believes that world peace could be attained if everyone stood united, but peace itself has to begin from within a person.

“We want to make world peace a possibility and this is why we are going to the grassroots to promote peace and unity,” he said.

Peace Blossom
Peace Blossoms in Johor Bahru, Participants of the Peace Blossom in Johor forum with Aishah (standing eighth from right)

 

The HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee

The HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee
for the Implementation of the International Law
on the Cessation of War and Achievement of World Peace
-South Africa and Macedonia-

Peace
HWPL Advocacy Committee Appointment Ceremony <HWPL, IWPG, IPYG international peace groups>

The HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee

 

The HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee (full name: the HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee for the Implementation of the International Law on the Cessation of War and Achievement of World Peace, hereinafter the Committee) is rapidly growing globally since its first launching ceremony on March 15.

The Committee is attracting growing attention and support from a wide spectrum of peace lovers transcending nationality, skin color, and faiths. Its members launch regional Committees as peace-building efforts that surpass domestic levels and work to build a legacy of peace for generations to come by urging governments for the implementation of the International Law on the Cessation of War and Achievement of World Peace.

Reflecting this rapid growth, the International Women’s Peace Group (IWPG) launched the HWPL Peace Advocacy Committee in Cape Town, South Africa on April 15 and in Skopje, Macedonia on April 26 respectively.

The launching ceremonies highlighted the purpose of the Committee and its progress before the appointment ceremony of committee members and the signing ceremony in support of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War. The newly established Committees in respective regions pledged to operate in ways that meet the needs of the local regions, and shared opinions and plans for future programs and operations.

 

“Peace is a powerful word, and if we believe in that word, we will multiply like the HWPL video shows…. There is a purpose, and our purpose is to be messengers of peace.”

Barbara Rass
Atlantis, City of Cape Town / Councilor
Republic of South Africa

 

“… Now is our opportunity. This is not just a ceremony, but is about us standing up today, and making everyone know that there is a law that can protect us.”

Nosipho Ruth Muo
South Africa Young Women in Dialogue / member
Republic of South Africa

 

The National Council for Gender Equality… [has long been] working on the empowerment of women…. The signing of [the DPCW] is an important step in raising public awareness for the need of greater effort by all actors in the society….

Natasha Dimitrovska
National Council for Gender Equality / Program Coordinator
Republic of Macedonia

 

“World peace can only be achieved when everyone [is] equal and [has] fair and equal treatment.”

Irina Pockova
Civic Initiative of Women / President
Republic of Macedonia

 

“The UN system has a strict procedure, but the massive support for this Declaration will help the document to gain credibility in the further process.”

Milka Ristova
Former Judge of the Supreme Court
Republic of Macedonia

HWPL IWPG IPYG

[Legislate Peace] in Costa Mesa for world peace

Legislate Peace Campaign,
Sign Your Support

 

peace
Peace News: http://www.latimes.com/socal/daily-pilot/news/tn-dpt-me-0608-peace-march-20160606-story.html

Marchers in Costa Mesa rally for world peace

hwpl peaceMarchers walk in a peace rally Saturday at the OC Fair & Event Center in Costa Mesa (Courtesy HWPL)

 

Peace Walk in Costa Mesa for world peace

legislate peace campaignarchers gathered at the OC Fair & Event Center in Costa Mesa on Saturday as part of the third annual commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace.

Volunteers at the peace walk collected petition signatures supporting a Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War, which proposes an international initiative to draft a legally binding document for all nations to adopt promoting a culture of peace with the goal to end all wars. It includes provisions aimed at “resolving conflicts, reducing war potential and repurposing weapons to benefit humanity, according to proponent Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light, or HWPL, an organization based in Seoul, South Korea.
Similar peace walks occurred in 52 countries, organizers said.

According to HWPL, the petition had more than 500,000 signatures from 154 countries as of May 25. The number is expected to reach 2 million by the end of the year, the group said.

legislate peace campaignRep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Costa Mesa) speaks during a rally Saturday at the OC Fair & Event Center commemorating the Declaration of World Peace, which seeks a global effort to end war. (Courtesy HWPL)

 

peace

Legislate Peace campaign enforce world leaders and governments

The DPCW is unique …

Legislate Peace campaign enforce world leaders and governments

peace newsPeace News Source☞ http://www.siasat.com/news/can-law-stop-wars-500000-signatures-collected-legislate-peace-campaign-963187/
Can a law stop wars? 500,000 signatures collected for the Legislate Peace Campaign

peacewalkEver since the 14th of March, when The Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War was proclaimed, in New Delhi, Hyderabad, and Mumbai, the Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL) Peace Advocacy Committees had their opening ceremonies to actively urge for the implementation of an enforceable international law to bring a full stop to all conflicts. Also at Mumbai metropolitan majistrate court, Samsara school, Great Valley School, Modern School Noida, Mand Kaushalya Global the Complete School were gathered over 10,000 supportive signatures with the participation of a number of organizations.

On 25th May, 300,000 people gathered simultaneously in hundreds of cities including Seoul, New York City, Sydney, and Shanghai for the 3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace: Legislate Peace Campaign hosted by HWPL in their respective time zones.

Filled with vibrant people yearning for peace, the event at the World Peace Gate in Seoul Olympic Park especially captured the eyes of many. This year’s commemoration highlighted the global peace advocacy movement, Legislate Peace Campaign, recently launched to bring all wars to an end by establishing an enforceable law compatible with the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW).

The DPCW is unique in that it includes provisions aimed at resolving conflicts, reducing war potential, repurposing weapons to benefit humanity and inviting all citizens to participate in the active promotion of a lasting culture of peace.

The Legislate Peace Campaign calls on global citizens to unite as one to voice their positive demand for peace by adding their signatures. According to HWPL, as of May 25th, the collected signatures have exceeded 500,000 from 154 countries in less than two months and many heads of state have written official letters of support for the DPCW. The number of signatures is expected to reach 2,000,000 by the end of this year.

“Today, marking the 3rd anniversary, at this very moment, our family of peace must be having their eyes and ears in this place…What we are ought to leave to our future generations is the common good of mankind, peace. There is no greater legacy than peace and it is not achieved by one person. Therefore, we all must become messengers of peace,” said Chairman Man Hee Lee of HWPL in his commemorative address.

Since the proclamation of the Declaration of World Peace on 25th May 2013, HWPL has proposed its international law initiative to draft a legally binding instrument for all States to adopt that ultimately promotes a culture of peace and ceases all wars through the DPCW. A Korean youth leader said at an interview, “The organization has already made great progress in achieving its peace initiatives. It’s exciting to see what the next work will be.”

Especially, at these days events, there were booths installed to fund-raise for countries which were prone to severe natural disasters. HWPL, IWPG, IPYG, and citizens were continuously putting hands together to help those who are suffering from Sri Lanka flood and a severe outcome caused by earthquakes in Ecuador that happened recently.

Heavenly Culture, World Peace, Restoration of Light (HWPL), a UN DPI registered NGO, is an internationally recognized peace organization. It has pioneered various peace activities including the World Alliance of Religions’ Peace (WARP) Office, as well as held peace education seminars, peace walks, and peace forums with the International Women’s Peace Group (IWPG) and International Peace Youth Group (IPYG).

3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace is an annually and internationally celebrated event to commemorate the proclamation of the Declaration of World Peace presented by Chairman of HWPL on 25 May 2013. The Declaration calls everyone to work to further the cause of world peace, making it a reality in their direct environments.

Legislate Peace Campaign is an advocacy movement in support of the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) being developed into an enforceable law. The campaign calls on world leaders and governments to make and enforce a law based on the principles of the DPCW.

[Peace Declaration]10 Articles & Preamble of DPCW By Man Hee Lee

<Peace Declaration>10 Articles & Preamble of DPCW By Man Hee Lee

Declaration Peace
DPCW, Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War

Recognizing the imminent threats posed by conflicts and wars, prominent legal experts from various countries came together with a determination to produce a new legal document that could serve as a foundation for a safe and peaceful world.
Through their collaborative efforts, the Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War (DPCW) was drafted and officially proclaimed on 14 March 2016, at 3:14 PM.

– Excerpt from foreword of DPCW explanatory book by HWPL Chairman Man Hee Lee

▣ PREAMBLE

☞ Preamble of DPCW Declaration of Peace and Cessation of War

Recalling the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and other international instruments, including the Universal Declaration of Human Rights,

Acknowledging that all members of the human family enjoy human dignity and equal and inalienable rights, and that these rights represent a necessary tenet of the preservation of freedom, justice and peace throughout the world,

Aiming to maintain international peace and security and determined to pass on to successive generations an invaluable inheritance of a world free of wars,

Ensuring the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force should not be used, save in accordance with the limitations prescribed by international law,

Reaffirming faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women, the promotion of social progress and better standards of life for people and future generations and the need to facilitate peaceful coexistence among the world’s religions, beliefs, and ethnicities;

Recognizing that the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples constitutes a significant contribution to contemporary international law, and that its effective application is of paramount importance,

Call upon states

to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from international law can be maintained, and

in accordance with the common spirit that permeates all religious scriptures, and the rules of international law including fundamental rights guaranteed, to undertake to prosecute and sanction gross and systematic acts of violence undertaken in the name of religion

to bring about gradual disarmament of weapons of mass destruction and weapons capable of causing widespread and unnecessary suffering and weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law.

The signatories to the present Declaration do hereby urge that all efforts be made so that this Declaration is adopted and respected by all states.

▣ ARTICLES

☞ Article 1 - Prohibition of the threat or use of force

1. States should solemnly reaffirm that they refrain from the use of force in all circumstances, save where permitted by international law, and should condemn aggression as constituting an international crime.

2. States should refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of military force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations Charter or international law in general.

3. States should prohibit any act or threat of violence, whatever its motives or purposes, that occurs for the advancement of an individual or collective criminal agenda.

4. States should abstain from interference in the internal conflicts of other States.
☞ Article 2 - War potential

1. States should co-operate with a view to the gradual global reduction of armament production.

2. States should not produce, assist in, encourage, or induce; the production of weapons of mass destruction, inter alia, chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, or weapons capable of causing indiscriminate or widespread and unnecessary suffering, or weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law.

3. States should take measures to ensure that existing weapons of mass destruction, weapons capable of causing widespread and unnecessary suffering and weapons incompatible with international humanitarian law are gradually dismantled or destroyed. States should cooperate in disarmament and the reduction of arms stockpiles, ideally under international supervision. Decommissioned weapons manufacturing facilities should be repurposed, so that they may serve purposes that are beneficial to humanity in general.

4. States should strive to reduce excessive standing armies and military bases.

5. States should cooperate to gradually diminish trade in weapons and attempt to reduce the flow of small arms to non-state actors.
☞ Article 3 – Friendly relations and the prohibition of acts of aggression

1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), States should develop friendly relations based upon respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and should take appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace.

2. States have the duty to refrain from any forcible action that deprives peoples of their rights to self-determination.

3. States should condemn the illegal occupation of territory resulting from the threat or use of force in a manner contrary to international law.

4. States should promote accountability, including by investigating alleged violations of international law, in particular, grave violation of the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, and should take measures to ensure that states, citizens and corporations do not contribute to the commission of violations of international law.

5. States should condemn, and should criminalize in their domestic law, the planning, preparation, initiation or execution, by a person in a position effectively to exercise control over, or to direct, the political or military action of a State, of an act of aggression which, by its character, gravity and scale, constitutes a manifest violation of international law, thus amounting to a crime of aggression.

6. States should refrain from allowing their territories to be placed at the disposal of other actors, whether States or otherwise, to engage in armed force against a third State.

7. States should bear in mind the principle of sovereign equality of states, and should seek to consult all other states, on the basis of reciprocal respect, on issues that may relate to them, in order to resolve and pre-empt disputes which may arise. This provision should apply without prejudice to human rights law and human dignity.
☞ Article 4 – State boundaries

1. In accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV), every State has the duty to refrain in its international relations from military, political, economic, or any other form of coercion aimed against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations. This is without prejudice to instances when such forms of coercion may be lawfully applied, inter alia, to induce states to cease internationally wrongful acts, or when sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council.

2. Every State has the duty to refrain from the threat or use of force to violate the existing internationally recognized boundaries of another State, or as a means of resolving international disputes, including territorial and frontier disputes, in a manner inconsistent with international law.

3. Every state has the duty to refrain from any act of incitement, planning, preparation, initiation or commission of an act of aggression by a state, a group of states, an organization of states or an armed group or by any foreign or external entity, against the sovereignty, political independence and territorial integrity of any State.
☞ Article 5 - Self-determination

1. The duty of every state to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any other state includes the duty not to engage in any action that would result in the dismemberment of any state, or force the secession or annexation of any territorial unit from that state.

2. Subject to the right to self-determination of peoples, states shall not engage in any intervention that seeks to divide or separate a state in a manner that is contrary to the rules of international law.

3. Every state has the duty to refrain from prematurely recognising an entity that has purported to secede from another state, until such a time as the latter entity has developed the necessary attributes, capacities and legitimacy to function as a state.

4. Subject to the provisions of the present article, States should encourage identifiable nation-states that have been divided by longstanding external or historical factors to engage in co-operation and dialogue. States should ensure that divided peoples are provided with their right to self-determination, including, inter alia, measures which may result in unified government.

5. Any political system in which power is exercised in perpetuity by an individual or regime amounting to a manifest denial of the right to self-determination should be condemned.
☞ Article 6 - Dispute settlement

1. States should recognize the obligation to settle their international disputes through peaceful means including reference to the International Court of Justice, other judicial bodies, regional judicial arrangements, or through arbitration, mediation, conciliation, or other forms of alternative dispute resolution and in such a manner that international peace and security are not endangered. States should carry out any judgment or decision reached by a judicial body in good faith.

2. All states are encouraged to accept the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice, in accordance with Article 36, paragraph 2, of the Statute of the Court, without reservations, as a means of ensuring that disputes are settled peacefully and in accordance with international law.
☞ Article 7 - Right to self-defence

1. Nothing in the present Declaration should be construed so as to impair the inherent right to individual or collective self-defence if an armed attack occurs against a State, until such time as the Security Council has taken measures to maintain international peace and security.

2. Measures taken by states in the exercise of their right to self-defence should be immediately reported to the Security Council and should not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the United Nations Charter to take, at any time, such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.
☞ Article 8 - Freedom of religion

1. States should unite to strengthen international efforts to foster a global dialogue for the promotion of a culture of tolerance and peace at all levels, based on respect for human rights and diversity of religions and beliefs.

2. States should activate and participate in systems to enforce and protect fundamental human rights, eliminating discrimination on the basis of religion or belief, and should refrain from and prohibit the usage of religion by governments, groups, or individuals in order to justify or to incite acts of violence against others. These systems should include, inter alia, judicial mechanisms.

3. States should foster religious freedom by allowing members of religious communities to practice their religion, whether publicly or in private, and by protecting places of worship and religious sites, cemeteries, and shrines.
☞ Article 9 – Religion, ethnic identity and peace

1. States should engage in multilateral consultations to deal with situations where differences attributable to religion or ethnicity pose a threat to peace so that necessary remedial action may be taken and to identify the root causes of a situation causing tension between different religious or ethnic groups, in order to adopt necessary measures to promote mutual understanding between the groups concerned.

2. States should take measures to ensure that religious belief or ethnic identity are not utilised as a pretext for gross and systematic acts of violence. In circumstances where individuals or groups perpetrate or assist in such acts in the name of their religion, states should take adequate measures that lead to the prosecution and punishment of such activities.

3. Recognising the threat to peaceful coexistence that violent religious extremism may cause, states should implement, in good faith, legal measures against individuals or groups attempting to perpetrate or assist in gross and systematic acts of violence in the name of religion. Such measures should, in extreme cases, include the proscription of faith groups – including sects or cults – that perpetrate acts of violence against the territorial integrity and political independence of any state.
☞ Article 10 – Spreading a culture of peace

1. States should recognize and engage with groups and organizations that seek to further the cause of peace as a global movement. States should facilitate such groups in their awareness-raising activities, including providing tuition in human rights and peace studies, as provided for, inter alia, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the 1999 UN Declaration on a Culture of Peace.

2. States should recognize that, in order to preserve a lasting culture of peace, public awareness of the need for, and value of, peace should be created. In this regard, states are encouraged to facilitate activities, commemorations, and initiatives that engage public consciousness with peace, including the erection of peace monuments as an alternative to war monuments.

3. Heads of state and heads of government should acknowledge that they are uniquely well placed to encourage a culture of peace, and should act to support this declaration to bring about the cessation of war.

4. States should promote a culture of peace including ensuring conditions in which-
 (a) citizens are able to participate in the political affairs of the state as equals regardless of religious or ethnic differences;
 (b) a free media is maintained which allows grievances to be aired and addressed;
 (c) education is imparted to promote respect and mutual understanding among different religious, belief and ethnic groups;
 (d) the right to development of peoples, including the achievement of the UN sustainable development goals, can be realized; and
 (e) the wellbeing of all human kind with the participation of women and men to ensure peaceful coexistence amongst nations, states, and peoples may be guaranteed.

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[Seoul in Korea] 3rd Annual Commemoration of the Declaration of World Peace and on 525 Peace Walk by HWPL Man Hee Lee Chairman